The ARSI in Rome


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 La America dispuesta segun las ultimas y nuevas observationes de las Academias y de Paris Y de Londres, en Londres…[XVIII sec.]

Cathedral BahiaThe universal suppression of the Society of Jesus occurred in 1773 through the breve Dominus ac Redemptor of Pope Clement XIV. This was preceded by local expulsions beginning in 1759. On 3 September of that year, Joseph I, king of Portugal, under the influence of his minister Sebastião José de Carvalho (better known as the Marquis Pombal), decreed that the Jesuits were to be exiled from all the Portuguese dominions. As a result, in addition to the expulsion of c.800 members of the Portuguese Assistancy then present in Portugal, a further 900 religious in the colonies faced exile. Among these were 122 Jesuits of the college of Bahia (Brazil) who had to leave their house on 19 April 1760. The text recounts the sea journey they made to reach their destination: the Papal State (in Italy).

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Lorenzo RicciOn August 17, 1773 (the day after the suppression of the Society of Jesus had been decreed in Rome), Fr. General Lorenzo Ricci had to move from the Professed House al Gesù to the nearby English College. There he remained until 23 September 1773. Then he was brought to the jail in Castel Sant’Angelo, where he spent two years and two months, i.e. the rest of his life. The General’s Assistants and some other Jesuits were put in the same prison as well. Ricci died on November 24, 1775. Shortly after, his Protestatio started to circulate in Rome and soon was widely disseminated. This text was re-published many times. In it the innocence both of the last General Superior of the suppressed Order and of the Society of Jesus itself was asserted. The text became an object of controversy between the Society’s supporters and its enemies, who denied its authenticity.

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 Piranesi - Veduta Castel Sant'Angelo

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